Siduping Township is located in the southwest of Zhangjiajie City, bordering Yuanling and Yongshun. It covers an area of 191 square kilometers, with 18 administrative villages and a total population of 10,749, including people of Tujia, Miao, Bai and Han nationalities living on both sides of the streams.
In Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was called Shiduping. During the Republic of China period, it was renamed Renping Township. Later, it was wrongly written as Siduping because of the unclear pronunciation. In 1988, Dayong County was under the jurisdiction of Zhangjiajie City, and Siduping Township was also governed by Zhangjiajie.
Before liberation, Siduping suffered from poor traffic and backward economy. And few people had the chance to receive education.
1. Beautiful landscapes
Siduping Township is surrounded by mountains with lush vegetation. The coverage area of main economic forests accounts for about 66% of the total, and the coverage area of miscellaneous trees reaches 31%. The air quality is excellent, and the negative oxygen ion is superior to the provincial standard for ecologically beautiful towns.
There are eight sights and four ancient avenues in Siduping Township.
2. Shenxi Stream
There are various ravines and streams, among which Shenxi Stream is the longest and most beautiful.
Shenxi Stream, 88 km long, flows into Yuanjiang River.
3. Jiulong Mulang Cave
There are many caves in Siduping Twonship, among which Mulang Cave is the most distinctive.
Mulang Cave, located in the west of Siduping Township, is a natural limestone karst cave. It is conposed of the upper and lower layers.
When films were first introduced to the village, they were shown for many times in this cave, because there was no cinema.
Daijiawan has beautiful idyllic scenery.
Jiulongshui is a spectacular sight with a length of 8-kilometer stony lake.
There are more than 13,000 villagers in Siduping Township, and most of them are Tujia people, with simple folk customs, leaving brilliant tangible and intangible cultural heritages. The tangible cultural heritages include ancient buildings of Mudixi Ancient Village, Wumuyu Ancient Village, temples and ancestral halls. The intangible cultural heritages cover Tujia folk song, temple fairs, cowbell dance and Panshu Haozi. Tujia people have advocated the family traditions of loyalty, propriety and righteousness, love and peace.
1. Mudixi Ancient Village
Zhangjiawan Village, Siduping Township was renamed Mudixi Village in 2015. Mudixi Village is a Tujia village with a history of more than one thousand years. It has a beautiful environment.
There are numerous ebony trees, so it’s called Ebony Valley (Wumuyu). Ebony is a good material for building a house.
The living fossil of Bachu culture has been inherited for thousands of years.
3. Zhongcun Ancient Village
Zhongcun Ancient Village is located in the southwest of Siduping Township Government.
4. Dabeixiang Ancient Village
Dabeixiang Ancient Village is located in the southwest of Yongding District and east of Siduping Township. Nanxi Stream passes through the village from north to west, forming a zigzag gorge scenery belt. The ancient village is a small basin formed by the impact of the streams. 639 Tujia people live on both sides of Nanxi Stream and 108 stilted buildings are built near hills and beside rivers, forming an unique idyllic scenery.
Siduping has many national rare medicinal herbs, such as wolfberry, ganoderma, wild gastrodia, and many specialties, such as prairie chicken, giant salamander, onychostoma lini.
1. Giant salamander
Siduping giant salamander, commonly known as smoked fish, has high edible and medicinal value.
The natural environment of Siduping is suitable for the giant salamander to live.
2. Onychostoma lini
Onychostoma lini is abundant in the upstream of Chenxi River, where clear water flows. This kind of fish has high nutritive and medicinal value. It’s a superior delicacy for residents on both sides of Chenxi River and one of China’s second-class protected fish.
The nutritional value of the onychostoma lini is higher than that of Chinese alligator and 1.5 times higher than that of the common fish. It contains many kinds of minerals and micro-elements, which can help the absorption of calcium, regulate the internal secretion ability, and prevent cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
3. Smallpox Fungus
“Smallpox fungus”, known as ash tree mushroom, is the wild mushroom with best taste and highest nutritional values.
Its nutrition and taste are better than that of shiitake(known as the king of mushrooms), and it can be coooked into vatious delicious dishes.
Gexianmi, is also known as lysimachia and water agaric. It has best edible, nutritional and medicinal values.
Gexianmi contains iron and zinc, which can promote appetite. The carbohydrates contained in Gexianmi is the main components of human body. It has many benefits, especially for children and the elderly.
5. Fengmi Candy
“Fengmi Candy” is a kind of processed food passed down from the ancestors of the Tujia people.
During the period of Hongwu, Ming Dynasty, Tujia people moved from Nanchang to Siduping, the skills of processing fengmi candy were also spread to Siduping.
Fengmi Candy is made with honey, fried rice, corn, peanut, soybean and sesame, sweet and crispy. It has high nutritional and medicinal values.